All about sharks seven paragraphs

What do great white sharks look like

The spined pygmy shark grows only 7 inches long, while the whale shark can reach over 50 feet long. Instead they have a small piece of cartilage on the floor of their mouth called a basihyal that lacks taste buds. It is a tactile sensory system which allows the organism to detect water speed and pressure changes near by. In , the International Union for the Conservation of Nature IUCN Redlist released a report from its Shark Specialist Group that reviewed the status of 64 species of open ocean sharks and rays and found that 32 percent were threatened with extinction. They are found all over the world and in shallow water to the deep sea. Skerry, Nat Geo Image Collection Whale Shark About the Whale Shark As the largest fish in the sea, reaching lengths of 40 feet or more, whale sharks have an enormous menu from which to choose. This type of feeding requires gill rakers —long, slender filaments that form a very efficient sieve —analogous to the baleen plates of the great whales. It is known from experiments conducted on the spiny dogfish that its spinal cord , rather than its brain, coordinates swimming, so spiny dogfish can continue to swim while sleeping, and this also may be the case in larger shark species. A small number of species have lost the ability to pump water through their gills and must swim without rest.

In between there are hundreds of large and small sharks with various shapes and with a multitude of important ecological roles in the ocean. It's impossible to tell what the earliest known shark named Elegestolepis looked like based only on scales left behind million years ago, much less the million year old shark named Leonodus identified by a two-pronged tooth.

Instead, like other fish, a shark has a lateral line running along the middle of its body from head to tail. Researchers also have found that bioluminescent deep-sea sharks have a higher density of rods in their eyes than their non-bioluminescent counterparts, allowing them to see more details in the dark water when bioluminescence is present.

Reoxygenation takes place in the gills and the reoxygenated blood flows into the efferent brachial arteries, which come together to form the dorsal aorta.

types of sharks

Most live far more social, sedentary, benthic lives, and appear likely to have their own distinct personalities. Hawaii was the first U.

25 cool shark facts

While some shark species are solitary, others display social behavior at various levels. What You Can Do Only eat sustainable seafood, do not consume shark fin soup and make sure you know what species of fish you purchase.

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10 facts about great white sharks!