A discussion on the motivation of poor students to pursue education
One finding was that females were more likely to cite a positive influence with a teacher as a factor for becoming interested in science, which has implications for teacher behavior in fostering an interest in science among female students.
Randy Moore citation and bibliographic information This study measured how many introductory biology students took advantage of extra-credit opportunities, the grades they earned, and reasons they gave for not completing extra credit work. What works in the nonmajors' science laboratory David L.
A recent field study, for example, suggests that incentives do not always lead to reduced engagement after the incentive ends Goswami and Urminsky, A majority Students praised for ability engaged in behaviors that may have boosted their self-esteem but were not likely to facilitate more learning or preparation for test-taking in the future.
Student motivation articles pdf
Freeman, Lynley Anderman and Jane M. A recent field study, for example, suggests that incentives do not always lead to reduced engagement after the incentive ends Goswami and Urminsky, The site is easy reading, yet provides many useful insights. Mueller and Dweck conducted two studies in which students received praise for their performance on a reasoning test. The study found that high-achieving students pursued the extra credit work, while students who were earning poor grades did not. This technique could be applied to a geoscience classroom via simple demonstrations with physical models, videos or rock samples. Learners who embrace performance-avoidance goals work to avoid looking incompetent or being embarrassed or judged as a failure, whereas those who adopt performance-approach goals seek to appear more competent than others and to be judged socially in a favorable light. The paper provides useful background information on the topics of motivation, intentionality and autonomy, and also gives examples of controlling vs. Students who were motivated to succeed in the course made the choice to do the extra credit work, which is consistent with the other choices they had made, such as to attend lectures and help sessions. External Rewards The effect of external rewards on intrinsic motivation is a topic of much debate. The perception of choice also may affect learning by fostering situational interest and engagement Linnenbrink-Garcia et al. Similarly, activities that learners perceive as threatening to their sense of competence or self-esteem e. The results showed that this method improved the GPA of the students who went through the program. The authors offer that motivation is based on three fundamental needs: the need for autonomy, the need for belonging and the need for competence. What Teachers Say and Do to Support Students' Autonomy During a Learning Activity Johnmarshall Reeve and Hyungshim Jang citation and bibliographic information This research paper presents the results of an educational experiment to measure the effects of different instructional behaviors.
The author asserts that this behavior is tied to student motivation. From the perspective of self-determination theory Deci and Ryan,; Ryan and Deci,learners are intrinsically motivated to learn when they perceive that they have a high degree of autonomy and engage in an activity willingly, rather than because they are being externally controlled.
The author concludes that when students engage in meaningful open-ended tasks, their motivation increases and the effect of learning is more powerful. What Teachers Say and Do to Support Students' Autonomy During a Learning Activity Johnmarshall Reeve and Hyungshim Jang citation and bibliographic information This research paper presents the results of an educational experiment to measure the effects of different instructional behaviors.
Other work Cameron et al. Autonomy-supportive teacher behavior can be effective in fostering intrinsic motivation in students. An understanding of these concepts can help teachers provide a learning environment that increases motivation in their students.
Contracting involves a learning agreement between students and teachers, and it offers the opportunity for independent thinking. The site is easy reading, yet provides many useful insights.
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